Monday, February 27, 2012

The Racial Mountain

After reading Langston Hughes' manifesto for the Harlem Renaissance, please respond to the following questions with thoughtful analysis and use textual reference to support your assertions.

1. What do you infer was the purpose of the Harlem Renaissance, based on this essay?
2. What is Hughes' main argument about one's culture and heritage, and do you agree?
3. What is the racial mountain he refers to? Comment on Hughes' thesis in this essay?

DO NOT merely repeat what someone else has written. You need to read, analyze and speak for yourself.

31 comments:

  1. 1) In my mind, the Harlem Renaissance was a time when the Negroes were trying to prove themselves and become a bigger part of the world. They were trying to share their ideas in art and poetry and express their feelings. They wanted to be seen instead of feeling invisible and unintelligent to the whites.
    2) Langston argues that one should not be ashamed of who they are and where they came from. I absolutely agree with this because no one should judge you based on your backround. Langston says,"I am a Negro-- and beautiful!". People should be proud of who they are and never try to hide it.
    3) Langston's mountain is the obstacle the Negroes have to climb in order to reach attention. This mountain Langston says is " this urge within the race toward whiteness". Langston is saying that so much of the culture favored white people and their actions. The Negroes had to leap over the perfect whites to be recognized as an individual.

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  2. I think that a big purpose of the Harlem Renaissance was to try to get people to accept who they are and not be ashamed to show what and how they believe.

    Hughes main argument was that every culture and heritage are beautiful and they all have something to teach other people, the people in the culture or heritage just cant be afraid to tell people about it. He says "no great poet has ever been afraid of being himself." To me this means that if you want to be great at something you can't be ashamed at what you have to say and when you get enough courage to say what you need to, you need to stand strong behind it and not let others push you over!

    The racial mountain that he keeps referring to in this essay are the people or things that kept telling black people that they could not or would not succeed at be coming poets, artists or anything else that they set their mind to that they wanted to become.

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  3. 1. The purpose of the Harlem Renaissance was to destroy the boundaries that existed between blacks and whites and to make everyone as equal as possible thus conquering the racial barricade during that time.
    2. I think Hughes is trying to show that almost every minority is trying to be most like the majority overlooking their own natural talents, and abilities.
    3. The racial mountain that he refers to is that whites are on top of the mountain in the minds of most minorities and they are on the bottom, but I think Hughes is trying to show that the mountain is different for everyone and the only thing that stands between them and the top of their mountain is their own desires and ambitions.

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  4. 1) The purpose of the Harlem Renaissance was really to encourage black people and artists. Black people were able to produce works of art that could have been encouraging to others and as began to express their feelings/who they are through art, other people were encouraged not to be ashamed. "He is never taught to see that beauty. He is taught rather not to see it, or if he does, to be ashamed of it when it is not accordion to Caucasian patterns." This time period was meant to keep people from being ashamed and learn to express their beauty/who they are with confidence.
    2) Hughes thought that people should not be ashamed. When people are ashamed of themselves, they lack confidence and are left more susceptible to restrictions. "For the American Negro artist who can escape the restrictions the more advanced among his own group would put upon him, a great field of unused material ready for his art." Those with a positive, confident attitude--"I am a Negro--and beautiful!"--can overcome those restrictions and have the potential to do so much more. Not being ashamed can lead to so many great accomplishments.
    3) The mountain that Hughes talks about refers to all the criticism and hate that surrounds black artists. "The road for the serious black artist, then, whom would produce a racial art is most certainly rocky and the mountain high. Until recently he received almost no encouragement for his work form either white or colored people." People just didn't understand or encourage the black artists who were sometimes even hated. Those blacks had to jump over and climb those obstacles to reach the point where they could confidently find/express their own individuality despite all the criticism around them.

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  5. 1) The purpose of the Harlem Renaissance, based on The Negro Artist and the Racial Mountain by Langston Hughes, was for African Americans to find themselves and conquer the racial mountain. In the beginning of the essay Langston Hughes talks about a young Negro poet who said, “I want to be a poet—not a Negro poet.” He explains how he felt sorry for that young man because “no great poet has ever been afraid of being himself.” I agree with how Hughes felt about the poet. I don’t think it should matter the color of someone’s skin, only what they produce. Throughout the rest of the essay Hughes talks about average African American families who are ashamed of their own race because they are conditioned to see themselves as lower than Caucasian people. But by the end he says, “We younger Negro artists who create now intend to express our individual dark-skinned selves without fear or shame… We know we are beautiful. And ugly too… We build our temples for tomorrow… and we stand on top of the mountain…” I think that Hughes is saying that African American artists are not going to be ashamed of whom they are anymore, and accept themselves as they are. By doing that they have conquered the racial mountain.
    2) I think that Hughes’ main argument about one’s culture and heritage is that families are conditioned into seeing Caucasian people as better than everyone else. In his essay he says, “In the home they read white papers and magazines. And the mother often says, ‘Don’t be like niggers’ when the children are bad. A frequent phrase from the father is, ‘Look how well a white man does things.’ And so the word white comes to be unconsciously a symbol of virtue.” If you grow up continuously hearing something you’re going to start believing it. Hughes also talks about the “low-down folks” and how they “do not particularly care whether they are like white folks or anybody else… And they accept what beauty is their own without question.” These people that Hughes refers to are different from the ones who were conditioned into thinking Caucasians are better because they don’t care who is better.
    3) The racial mountain is a metaphor for racial conflicts people have to overcome throughout their life. Hughes thesis talks about the different conflicts African Americans had to go through, “… this urge within the race toward whiteness, the desire to pour racial individuality into the mold of American standardization, and to be as little Negro and as much American as possible.” I believe that this was true for most African Americans. They struggled with the desire of being white and not black.

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  6. 1. The purpose of the Harlem Renaissance was to create a meaning behind Negro art. The Renaissance inspired individuality for Negro art and music and became beautiful in it’s own way. The movement during this time pushed minority groups to share creativity inspired by their lifestyle, culture and background. It drew a much-needed line between black and white ideas.
    2. Through out Hughes’ writing, his main argument is that people of minority groups should be proud of who they are. He says, “So I am ashamed for the black poet who says, "I want to be a poet, not a Negro poet," as though his own racial world were not as interesting as any other world.” Hughes’ encourages his black readers to embrace their culture and history, because it is unique and beautiful. If everyone in the world looked the same, what a boring world it would be! He describes how people of different cultures want to be white because white dominates our world, but its history isn’t as rich with stories like other cultures.
    3. The racial mountain that Hughes’ refers to is the diference between white people and black people. In the beginning of The Negro Artist and The Racial Mountain, Hughes’ describes a negro family teaching their children that “white” is what they should strive for. Negro children grew up believing they were worth less then the white people who ran society. The mountain represents a struggle against the classification and stereotypes of racism. Hughes’ wants his people to realize the power and value of their individual voice. He says, “And they accept what beauty is their own without question…for the American Negro artist who can escape the restrictions his own group would put upon him..” are great artists. For they are the ones who can climb the mountain.

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  7. 1.The purpose of the Harlem renaissance was to get colored people to embrace their heritage and to be proud of who they are. In the essay Hughes talks about how there were colored people who wanted to be just like the white people because they believed they were better. As said in the essay about the jazz and the clubwoman, "Yet the Philadelphia clubwoman is ashamed to say that her race created it and she does not like me to write about it. The old subconscious "white is best" runs through her mind." I think this shows how colored people thought of their race and what the Harlem Renaissance was trying to change.
    2.Langston’s main argument in this essay is that people should be proud of who they are and where they come from. Their culture and heritage is important and is not something to be ashamed of. The fact that no one should want to be anyone but themselves is something that I agree with. Colored people should not have wanted to be like whites because in a lot of ways whites weren’t better people. Their own culture had many great things to it especially during the Harlem Renaissance. In the essay Hughes describes he believes blacks should be saying, “Why should I want to be white? I am Negro—and beautiful!” I think that they should have been thinking this way because no one should want to be something they are not. No one should strive to copy someone else which is why originality is something that should be getting more attention.
    3.The racial mountain that Hughes is referring to is the restriction of Negro art. Hughes refers to the mountain in the essay as, “…this urge within the race toward whiteness, the desire to pour racial individuality into the mold of American standardization, and to be as little Negro and as much American as possible.” Since there are so many things that are preventing Negros to push further like the thought that whites are better than them and they should be like them are creating problems that have to be overcome. The racial mountain seems like it stands for all the conflicts that the colored people have to overcome in their lives.

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  8. 1.) The purpose of the Harlem Renaissance was to let Negros express themselves, and not express what others wanted to hear from them. It encouraged the blacks to embrace who they were and to steer away form the idea that white is, “a symbol of all the virtues.” This was a time period for the blacks to unashamedly express whom they were and show America that white wasn’t always right.
    2.) Hughes argues that instead of trying to fit in with the majority, people need to embrace the fact that they are a minority. To see the beauty in being different. “Why should I want to be white? I am a Negro—and beautiful!” We subconsciously see things that are different and think of them as wrong. It is important to embrace being different so that we don’t get stereotyped in with the rest.
    3.) The mountain that Hughes refers to is the desire to be white. It’s the desire to distance yourself as much as possible from who you really are. “But this is the mountain standing in the way of any true Negro art in America—this urge within the race toward whiteness, the desire to pour racial individuality into the mold of American standardization, and to be as little Negro and as much American as possible.” In order to conquer this mountain I think Hughes believes you have to realize it is okay to stand out, you don’t have to conform to what others believe is “right.” “We stand on top of the mountain, free within ourselves.”

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  9. 1. In reading "The Negro Artist and the Racial Mountain", I think his purpose was to show people that the line that is separating the black from white needs to be cut. Langston Hughes' purpose was to encourage "black artists and intellectuals to break free of the artificial standards set for them by whites". He wanted the black people to be who they are not what the whites consider them to be, through jazz, poetry, and other movements.
    2. His main argument in this essay was that black people were afraid to be themselves and rather be considered a white person. He pointed out that "an artist must be free to choose what he does, certainly, but he must also never be afraid too what he might choose". To me, I think Langston is saying, to be who you want to be, you must be yourself first and never be ashamed to be yourself, then set your mind on your ambition.
    3. The mountain that Langston refers to in this essay is the hierarchy between the two races, where the whites are at the top of the mountain while the blacks are at the bottom. When I first read the essay, I noticed that Langston got right to the point about the racial issue in the society they were living in.

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  10. 1) Based on the essay, the purpose of the Harlem Renaissance was to encourage Negroes to embrace their race and really be proud of who they are. In the essay, Langston Hughes talks about how a young Negro poet "wanted to be a poet-not a Negro poet." The Harlem Renaissance was all about flipping that point of view around and making the boy say "I want to be a Negro poet."
    2)Langston Highes' main argument about one's culture is that he really wanted people to be proud of who they are. The fact that when middle to upper class negro children were in trouble, the parents would scold them by telling them not to act like a Negro. This is the complete opposite from what Hughes would want to see. Also, I agree with this argument. I fully believe that one needs to fully embrace their culture and be proud of who they are.
    3)The "Racial Mountain" Hughes refers to represents the battle that must be won in order for Negros to become accepted or recognized in society. “...this urge within the race toward whiteness, the desire to pour racial individuality into the mold of American standardization, and to be as little Negro and as much American as possible.” This quote explains how Negroes need to stop wanting to be white and start wanting to peruse their life as a proud negro. Negros must take advantage of their uniqueness and be noticed/ accepted by society.

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  11. The purpose of the Harlem Renaissance was to spread the news to black folk that they didn't have to be white and being black is beautiful. The Harlem Renaissance was a way to grab the attention of the whites (and blacks who wanted to be white) and show them the beauty and power of black music and art. Whites and some blacks who said, "We want to worship the Lord correctly and quietly," were proven to be closed minded and drab by the Harlem Renaissance.

    Hughes argues that one should not hide their culture and heritage from their art just because, "The Negro artist works against an undertow of sharp criticism and misunderstanding from his own group and unintentional bribes from the whites." Everyone should embrace themselves, because one shouldn't be afraid of himself.

    The mountain referred to by Hughes is the struggle for blacks (and other people) to accept their individual voices. On the mountain, the blacks will face other blacks who are ashamed of them for exploiting too much "blackness" in their art and whites who will embrace their art but want to "contain" it so that it reaches a level of "whiteness". One can only climb over the mountain by," interpreting the beauty of his own people," and the beauty of himself.

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  12. I believe that the purpose "Harlem Renaissance" reading by Langston Hughes, was to encourage the negro people to find themselves and become stronger people. He talks about a Philadelphia Clubwoman who is ashamed of her race. They can not change who they are therefor, they need to accept it. They must overcome what the whites have put in their way. If they do so, it makes them superior to the white man.
    Langston's main argument was that the negro people should not be so ashamed of who they are. Everyone must be proud of who they are and step up and embrace it. I agree with Langston's agrument because if everyone accepts who they are, I believe that we will all become better people. My favorite quote from this reading was " WHy should I want to be white? I am Negro- and beautiful." Its sad that the negro people wish they were white. They don't fully know what it is like to be white so why would they want it? In the beginning, the reading describes the different living situations of different classed Negroes. To me, the lowest class is the most outstanding, they are strong, accepting of themselves and do not complain about who they are. This shows how strong they truly are.
    The racial mountain that Hughes talks about in the essay is the separation between white people and black people. He mainly refers to art in this essay but outside of this essay there is so much more to it. The mountain is a barrier to the Negro people and they are either striving to overcome the struggles and be "free within themselves" or they sit aside and just wish they could be like the white man.

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  13. I think the purpose of this writing was to empower Afican- Americans and to tell them that there is more out there for them. There is no need to limit themselves; they can do anything whites can do. This sounds a lot like the "Black Power" movement around the 50's. That's what this reminds me of, and I think someone NEEDED to write this. There was a lot of discouragement towards black, but this writing was not one of them. He wanted to be proud, he wanted to be BLACK. He said, "I want to be a negro poet." Not a white poet, not JUST a poet, but a negro poet.
    As was said before, his main argument is that blacks can do what whites can, and no one can stop them. "We're black, we're beautiful," was his kind of motto. No one should be ashamed of who they are.
    His metaphore of the mountain was quite simple. He means that African- Americans face obstacles, and a lot of uphill walking; but that doesn't mean there won't be an end to that. There is a downhill to every mountain, and everyone gets there somehow, their own way.

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    Replies
    1. I agree with the feeling of the 1950s' black power movement, it was the same sort of mentality of cultural pride and cultural strength that was prevalent in that time period. I feel that Langston Hughes started this trend of cultural pride and the wanting of equality for his people, but also to keep their heritage and culture close.

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  14. 1.Langston Hughes, throughout this piece, was all about Black Pride, and being proud of being a black writer, and using that as an advantage, and I agree. The Harlem Renaissance was a awakening of Black culture, and more importantly an opportunity for them to represent their own heritage, history, and society.

    2.I agree with Hughes, your culture and heritage, along with your own experiences IN that society, is what gives writers a voice. The perspective of the black community, that is what Hughes wants these writers to be proud of, and he wants them to use this Black cultural identity in their writing and to be proud of it.

    "Most of my own poems are racial in theme and treatment, derived from the life I know."

    3.The mountain represents many things, it is a social line/barrier, a struggle, a separation, and a shift of state of mind and perspective. The mountain, where the Blacks are at the bottom and whites at the top, represent the "wanting" of the black children to be white, of the whites repressing black speech, art and expression. It represents the stereotypes and prejudices that the higher up whites cast down upon the blacks.
    It is all about the mountain dividing the black and white cultures.

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  15. 1. Based on this essay, the Harlem Renaissance seemed to be a time of embodying and empowering the Negro. Their culture and spirit went into their art and music which encouraged other Negro people to not be ashamed of who they were, or the color of their skin.
    2. Hughes main argument in this essay is that people should be proud of themselves, and where they came from. He points out the fact that many black people during the time would have rather been white and he goes onto say how wrong that idea is. I agree with this because everyone is made exactly how they are supposed to be, flaws and all.
    3. The mountain that Hughes relates to is the struggles and obstacles that the Negros faced. I thought this was ironic because a "mountain" was also mentioned in the poem "Mother to Son" that we were given in class. This just reinforces the idea that the Negros had all of the odds stacked against them and they still held high spirits and worked for everything which their people gained.

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  16. 1.I believe that this essay showed that the Harlem Renaissance was a way for black people to come back to their way of life. They did not have act, write, and express themselfeves like the whites. Being proud of their heritage and culture is important in being an individual. It seems like they live in a white world and have to conform to what society says.
    2.Hughes' main argument was about being proud of being who you are. "I want to be a poet not a negro poet" was one of Langston’s quotes. I think he used this quote to show that you should not be ashamed or afraid of being black. You should be able to express yourself through art, music, and poetry without boundaries. I agree with him because to really find out who you are you have to do things the way you would. Don't write like a white writer if its not your style. Don't draw like a white artist if that’s not what you envision. And don't play and listen music that you are not interested in.
    3.The racial mountain he refers to the obstacle in anybody’s way from being who they really are. The gap between being a two face not being yourself and thinking and doing what you truly believe is right. There were so many things holding the blacks back from "flowering" into what their capabilities are. The Harlem Renaissance was the way to climb the mountain.

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  17. 1) Based on the essay "The Negro Artist and the Racial Mountain" I think the purpose of the Harlem Renaissance was for African Americans to find their true meaning of who they are. I think the Harlem Renaissance help African-Americans express themselves as a whole. They proved that they were equal to white men while showing off their talents. I find it ironic that white people came to see them after what happened earlier.
    2) I think Hughes' main argument about one's culture and heritage was that talent was not based on what you look like but how good you are at something. For instance look at football, just because someone is white doesn't mean they're going to make the team.
    3) I think what Hughes means by racial mountain is that stereotypes are hard to get over, like a mountain. People grow up with stereotypes they don't just learn them; therefore they are hard to unlearned since they have known them all their lives.

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  18. 1. I believe that the purpose of the Harlem Renaissance was for the negro population to express themselves and to show really that they are people too and they have talents just like the whites do. They were trying to show the whites that they have talents and interests the same as the whites and that the only thing different about them was their color.
    2. Hughes main argument is that one person should not be ashamed of who they are and be the person they were meant to be instead of trying to be someone else. "And I was sorry the young man said that, for no great poet has ever been afraid of being himself." This quotes backs up what I’m saying that sometimes the most successful people in the world aren't afraid to be themselves and the negros should have just accepted themselves as they are.
    3. The "Racial Mountain" that Langston refers to is how being a negro leaves you on the side of a mountain that couldn't really be crossed at that time. It is almost as if this mountain is a road block for negros just because of their skin color. The Harlem Renaissance was a way for the negro population to start to crossing the line and becoming more comfortable with being black.

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  19. 1) Based on "The Negro Artist and the Racial Mountain" by Langston Hughes, I think that the purpose of the Harlem Renaissance was to create pride among the African American people. Hughes emphasized the importance of not just being a poet but being a "Negro poet." He sends the message of owning up and taking pride in who you are and where you come from. "And perhaps these common people will give to the world its truly great Negro artist, the one who is not afraid to be himself." Individuality and self confidence are very important in the time of the Harlem Renaissance.
    2)Hughes' main argument about one's culture and heritage is that one must embrace their culture and heritage. They must show people of other cultures and heritages that they are just as good. They must stand up and take pride in their own people.
    3)Hughes continually talks about a racial mountain that must be climbed. "We build our temples for tomorrow, strong as we know how, and we stand on top of the mountain, free within ourselves." The goal is to overcome diversity. Part of overcoming the diversity is being unified as a culture. Divided, the people will never make it to the top of the mountain, but together they stand free on top.

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  20. 1.)I infer that the purpose of the harlem renaissance was for the negro population to prove their worth and usefulness in society. The negro saw this as an opportunity for them to show the white man that they are just a capable to succeed.
    2.) I think Hughes main argument was that you shouldn't let any one characteristic define you. If people were judged strictly on their race, nothing would set us apart from others of the same race. I agree because labeling someone on something as shallow as race would only lead to more stereotyping.
    3.) The racial mountain is the racist ideals of the white man that the negro must climb over to achieve success. the negro population climbing a mountain is a good symbol for this process because you can the them slip and struggle until they reach the top.

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  21. 1. The Harlem Renaissance was a time a place where the Negro community banned together to make something of themselves, after being enslaved for years on end. The Negro community saw it was there time to shine and really prove to the white folk that they were more then just cotton pickers, and plantation workers.
    2. I believe Hughes main point he was trying to get across was that people believe the white Caucasian ethnicity is over powering and making other groups of people look less then, or not as good as the majority group. Labeling the word itself is a derogatory term and should not be used, because it is putting a name on someone and it's not truly righteous.
    3. Hughes keeps referring to the term, "racial mountain" and i believe that the whites are the snow on the very top of this mountain of racial segregation and the negro community is the black rocks below and can never go above the whites because the snow is to slick. In other words whites believe that Negros will never be better then whites.
    -Wil Younkes

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  22. 1. I definitely think that it was trying to prove the equality of man. It also represents how the Negros are trying push out of just being different then whites or trying to get out of the norm of people being racists toward him.
    2. Hughes' main argument is about one's culture and heritage because he is trying to prove how another color of skin determines the status of their work ethic or life because people judge off of it.
    3. The Racial Mountain represents trials and tribulations that the Negros have to face against prejudice. It shows that if the Negros can get over the mountain it gets easier and racism stops.

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  23. 1. The purpose of the Harlem Renaissance was to inspire creativity & originality (in art in particular) in the Negro community. It really gave them a sense of individuality, but at the same time united them. In this essay, Hughes was determined to convince his fellow Negros to be prideful of their differences from the white man. The Renaissance really opened up Negros to themselves and one another, and it became a huge part of their history.
    2. Hughes major message was to have pride in the fact you are Negro. He was tired of seeing his brethren ashamed of the fact they weren’t white, and wanted to inspire them to see differently. “Why should I want to be white? I am Negro- and beautiful!”
    3. The racial mountain is the discrimination, diversity & obstacles every minority race had to face during that time (and even somewhat, today). Most of the dominant whites of that time suppressed blacks in particular, and their ability to succeed in any field they have chosen. That’s what the Harlem Renaissance achieved, allowing black people to become artists of any kind, without the white man holding them down & limiting their potential.

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  24. 1- This time period was every inprising to you all that lived it.
    2- This story was every much about taking in your color of skin.
    3- This montain could be the color problem that we have now and day.

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  25. 1. Based off of the reading, I can infer that the Harlem Renaissance was a time when the black community had a better opportunity to share their voice. I think it was a time for the Negros to move forward.
    2. Hughes writes, “And I doubted then that, with his desire to run away spiritually from his race, this boy would ever be a great poet.” I think he is trying to emphasize that in order to glorify one’s talents; they must come to a deeper understanding and acceptance of who they are instead of trying to be like the majority.
    3. The mountains are the barriers which restrain the black community from certain fullness. The goal to “whiteness” limits people from reaching their genuine self.

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  26. 1) From what I have read, I feel the purpose of the Harlem Renaissance was to break down some racial barriers and to let people express themselves.
    2)Hughes explained that we all should be happy about who we are and where we came from. I think he is saying that we are all the same even though we may look different.
    3)The mountain Hughes is referring to is all the struggles and challenges that black people face when there trying to live there life. They weren't allowed to be artists or poets but the Harlem Renaissance changed all this and the black community got a little closer to the top of that mountain.

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  27. 1) After reading the story, the purpose that I took from The Harlem Renaissance was to encourage African Americans to embrace the aspects of their culture. Because for most African Americans of that time, throughout their entire life they were taught that the ways of white Americans were superior, and the only way to live. And when the new artists broke out of their shell, and became known, they began to recognize their own potential.
    2) In my opinion, the main argument that Hughes was trying to get across about one's heritage was to just accept your own culture, and embrace the person you truly are. At one point he says that in order to be the best person that you can be, you have to find your true inner self, and never change for anyone else.
    3) The Racial Mountain that Hughes refers to is symbolizing all of the tough times, and struggles that they had overcome throughout their entire life. Through that he implyed that you need to accept yourself for who you are, and never try to be something your not.

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  28. 1)I think that the purpose of the Harlem Renaissance was to show that the Negro society could be something better than they were. the Negros could show who they were trough their writing.They could speak what they felt and for the first time they could be equal in a way.
    2)Hughes was arguing that, no matter what ones race is they can still be something and they need to be able to accept that without being ashamed.I agree with Hughes because if people did not accept there background they would be bland as a person.People can express themselves if they do except their back round.
    3)the Mountain Hughes talks is not a real mountain.It is like a symbol of all of the people that tell Negros that they cannot do anything and succeed. it is basically and bump in life.

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  29. The purpose of the Harlem Renaissance according to this essay was lower class Negro artists, the “common element” as it’s phrased, holding their own individuality and becoming great artists. These people didn’t have very much and didn’t bother to desire more. They made peace with their lives and acted as if they were the most free and wealthy of them all. They weren’t afraid of much because they didn’t have anything to lose. Langston continues to point out weakness among the upper class African Americans but I feel they may have had to defend themselves against artificial standards set for them by white people, but their true freedom wasn’t a matter of discovery or knowledge, it was how they expressed emotions and passions. In the first paragraph when Langston quotes a Negro poet and tries to decipher the deepest meaning of this poet as he truly wants to be white, I disagree and feel the poet only wants his readers to focus on and love his work for its quality, not to judge his work unfairly because of his race. In his metaphor of the mountain, I feel that any great achievement is difficult with a passage that isn’t always certain. We modernly face the same stereotypes and rumor based conflicts but it just isn’t towards one specific group so people for some reason seem to think racial problems aren’t really around anymore. Another modern connection that I made was in the second paragraph where it says beauty, morality, and money all depended on class; and modernly I say that beauty, morality, and money and define and depend on each other.

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  30. 1) I think the Harlem Renaissance was all about impowering the Negros and giving them a vocie. The Renaissance gave them a wayto show who they are and to move away from the idea that they were lower then use whites. It gave them away to expresse their emotions and ideas, without so much judgement.
    2. I think HUghs was all about embrassing who you are and being proud of what you are. “Why should I want to be white? I am Negro- and beautiful!” I think this quote that Hughs says really captures the power/message of the whole artical.
    3. The racial Mountain Hughs refers to is used to show that it isnt easy being compared to all the stero-types out there and that the journey isnt always easy but if you keep climbing the reward will be wprth it.

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